Now, with the expansion and in-depth research on the causes and symptoms of an asthma attack has been some progress in the understanding, so the method of treatment of asthma have changed. Previously, doctors often think that asthma is a contraction of the muscles around the airway caused. Therefore, the most widely used drug treatment is to use bronchodilators, the drug can play the role of muscle relaxation and expansion, to quickly relieve asthma attacks. But the candle of a new point of view, asthma is the inflammation of the trachea caused by the internal potential, the expansion of the inner bronchial secretion of excess mucus and tracheal air flow lead to a sharp narrowing of space. In order to eliminate this inflammation, the experts recommend the use of inhaled corticosteroids (Note: So far, many experts believe that children under 3 years old to be prudent use of inhaled steroids).
In fact, the reduction of indoor allergens are the best preventive measures. Although, the correct medication and maintain a good environment, and can not completely cure the children’s asthma, but at least you can make towards improved disease direction. Of course, if the child had asthma, or to strip him to the hospital from time to time to prevent disease and increase again.
• Children grow up to cure asthma.
Fact: About half of children with asthma, long to no longer appear after puberty asthma symptoms, but the potential adverse condition is still there. And also some children to adulthood there will be obvious symptoms of asthma attack again.
• family moved to a drier climate where children’s asthma can be completely cured.
The fact is: No place is one hundred percent safe. Although the climate and regional environment of the child’s asthma had some impact, for example, in moist areas, the air of respirable particulate matter content is high, the spread of pollen in some areas more severe, so easy to trigger asthma attacks. However, the child is moved to a new environment a better place, they often because of some other new things on the result of allergic asthma.
• Only exercise when it appeared some of the symptoms of asthma, not really had asthma.
The fact is: exercise-induced asthma is a disease of asthma, when people running, hiking or doing strenuous exercise, when a sudden attack. This type of asthma, by a simple drug treatment on it.
Asthma symptoms and some less severe disease symptoms are similar to, such as respiratory infections, so we did not think that the child’s asthma. In the past, many doctors believe that breathing difficulties are the main features of asthma, but now is considered a long period of coughing children with asthma, the most obvious symptoms.
From the genetic point of view, if the parents suffer from allergies or asthma, then the child more likely to have the disease. According to statistics, 80% of children with asthma also suffer from allergies.
The younger the child the more likely to be misdiagnosed. For younger infants and young children, as a natural airway stenosis, has not developed normally, so shortness of breath and cough are common. However, there has been found that indeed there are many infants and two-year-old children with asthma disease. Children 3 years ago, if there had been more than 4 times 4 times or shortness of breath, difficult circumstances, they should bring the child to hospital to see if had asthma.
Symptoms of an asthma attack
• walking, running, activities, difficulty breathing or coughing when.
• feeling of chest pain or chest tighten.
• can hardly take a deep breath.
• Shortness of breath, difficulty or persistent cough.
• middle of the night because of cough or wake up breath and arousal.
• In the smoking area, or around a strong odor, a lot of pets for children to feel oppressed, to breathe
|Category||The factors that cause asthma attacks|
|Allergen||Pollen, furry animals, dust, mold (especially the heater in the mold), cockroaches|
|Vigorous activity||Large amount of exercise training, laughing, shouting, crying row|
|Stimulus||Smoking or smoke generated by burning stove, perfume,|
|Infection||Colds, flu, sinus infections|
Asthma is a chronic disease, in recent years, the number of children have this disease more than ever before, and every time the seasons change, especially one to easily spring allergies, respiratory disease hospital for children suffering from this to will increase.
Asthma, like allergies, as well as too sensitive due to the immune system. In other words, small children, it is likely that their living environment is too clean, as well as their immune system is not complicated by bacterial struggle with the outside world.
More experts believe asthma has become so popular the most reasonable explanation is that children spend too much time indoors, there are more opportunities to reach out to trigger asthma irritants, such as dust, mold, tobacco smoke spit and indoor cockroaches. Especially in the winter, the children stay warm at home, because home is not common cold.
Whether to go to the hospital
Go to the hospital as soon as possible:
• cough affects sleep at night.
• persistent fever 3 days or more.
• cough and nasal symptoms continued for several days still no improvement.
• month-old infants less than 6 months.
Immediately go to the hospital:
• fever above 38.6 ℃.
• vomiting conditions.
If reflux esophagitis is caused by coughing, the child should be eating to maintain upright posture after the minutes, it is time to sleep some of the head a little booster.
Diagnosed as asthmatic children should stay away from cough allergens.
Cough inhibitors: If a child can not sleep cough, inhibitors may help. Ask your doctor what the selection of inhibitors. However, we should know that sometimes make the disease inhibition increased cough, or extended sick time.
Expectorant agent: the role of these agents is the phlegm, but studies have shown that they are not very effective. Long proved that water is a good expectorant.
Broad spectrum of cold medicine; Because these drugs contain more than one recipe ingredient, and therefore before taking the child must read the instructions arefully.
These drugs may produce some side effects, such as insomnia (common in anti-histamine drugs) or allergy (common in decongestants).
Candy: taking cough syrup to increase the secretion of saliva, which lubricate the throat, relieve cough. But the doctor told, do not be under the age of 4 children to eat candy. Because the candy will be the same as hard candy, it has led to choking hazard.
Given medicines: the child could be given medicines to be sure to use a spoon or a measuring cup like container, to ensure correct delivery volume.
• Environment is very important, the home to maintain appropriate temperature range. Temperature of between 50%~ 60% more suitable for human comfort needs. In the dry room, you can heater to increase air humidity, but the health situation in the humidifier, the best day to day cleaning.
• cough with phlegm, are not associated with asthma or shortness of breath, day or night. Accompanied by lethargy, runny nose, watery eyes or a mild fever (usually no higher than 38.6 ℃).
• issued by the throat, slightly hoarse cough, cough about from time to time, sometimes a dry cough, sometimes with sputum. Children feel depressed, complaining about itchy
throat irritation, headache, sore back muscles and leg muscles. He also runny nose, fever, nausea.